The right to obtain a residence permit in Spain for foreigners is regulated by law 4/2000 “On the rights and freedoms of foreigners in Spain and their social integration”.
Spanish law provides for several options for obtaining a residence permit. In this article, we will look at the key reasons on which you can apply for a residence permit in Spain.
In 2013, a law was passed in Spain on supporting entrepreneurs, thanks to which foreign investors had the opportunity not only to invest in the Spanish economy, but also to live and work in the country. The law applies to the following investment categories:
The residence permit of the investor – in the everyday life “Golden Visa” – gives the right to live and work in Spain for two years. At the end of this period, the residence can be extended. The holder of an investor visa can also add close relatives to his residence: wife / husband, children, parents, grandchildren.
You can apply for a “golden visa” both in Russia and in Spain, provided that you are legally in the country.
To apply for a “golden visa” in Spain, in addition to the main package of documents, you will need NIE.
The same investment law provides an opportunity for foreigners to open their own company or take part in a business project that has a socio-economic interest. The main requirements for obtaining an entrepreneur residence permit are:
In addition to the main package of documents, for obtaining an entrepreneur residence permit, you will need to obtain project approval from the Ministry of Economy of Spain.
Buying a property in Spain makes it possible to obtain a residence permit without the right to work – Permiso de Residencia no lucrativo. Such a residence is issued for a period of one year, then is extended twice with an interval of two years, and upon reaching five years it becomes permanent. You can apply for a residence permit without the right to work, not only upon purchase, but also in the case of rental housing in Spain. A prerequisite for obtaining a residence permit without the right to work is confirmation of solvency. The minimum income of the applicant should be at least 400% IPREM (cost of living) plus 100% IPREM for each family member every month. In 2019, the IPREM index is 537.84 €.
Foreigners who have obtained a residence permit in Spain have the right to add family members to their residence. This can be a spouse, children, parents and other relatives, if they are financially dependent on the resident. The validity of such a residence permit, as well as the package of documents required for its registration, depend on the type of residence of a foreigner and are specified upon request.
To obtain a residence permit on the basis of study, the following documents are required:
Reasons for obtaining permanent residence:
A permanent residence or permanent residence in Spain does not allow you to stay in the country for more than six consecutive months. Otherwise, the holder of a permanent residence has almost the same rights as a Spanish citizen, except for the opportunity to participate in elections, military service or the police.